How dentists close gaps in teeth
Most people have a gap or two in their bite. A gap is characterised as a space between teeth, and most gaps (or at least the ones people want fixed) are at the front of the mouth.
There are two methods commonly used by dentists to fill these gaps. It all depends on the patient’s budget, the size of the gap, and the condition of the teeth surrounding the space that ultimately dictates which option to take.
When deciding on the best method of fixing the gap consideration should also be given to the desired aesthetic appearance of the patient and the required timeframe. Bonding, or filling the gap with composite (the same material used for fillings) is minimally invasive.
Cosmetic bonding or composite veneers
Bonding is a semi-temporary solution to fix gaps, but if the gap is fairly small this is a great method and can be done quickly!
According to Colgate, your dentist can carefully sculpt the composite into the appropriate shape and size to cover the gap between your front incisors so that it matches your real teeth as closely as possible.
Veneers are commonly used to close a gap between two front teeth (diastema), but if the gap is too large, the veneers used to the close the gap will be disproportionately wide compared to the rest of the natural teeth, explains Kempton Smile.
The downside of porcelain veneers is that they can leave the teeth looking artificial. The point of cosmetic dentistry is usually to create a believable, natural looking smile. Porcelain has a tendency to appear extra white and unrealistic.
Teeth need to be prepared for veneers, which means that healthy tooth structure must be removed to allow the veneers to be fitted over the front surfaces of the teeth. This isn’t always advisable.
A more long-term method is having braces put in, though this is the more expensive, long-term option.