The Hidden Dangers Of Vaping: How It Can Damage Your Teeth

The Hidden Dangers Of Vaping: How It Can Damage Your Teeth

In recent years, vaping has been marketed as a safer alternative to traditional smoking. However, the impact of vaping on oral health is an emerging concern. Read on for more on how vaping can pose risks to the health of your mouth, teeth, and gums.

What is Vaping?

Vaping is inhaling and expelling an aerosol, often known as vapour, generated by an e-cigarette or similar device. Unlike traditional smoking, vaping doesn’t involve burning tobacco; instead, the device heats a liquid to create the vapour.

Vaping devices, also known as vape pens, e-cigarettes, or other names, come in various shapes and sizes, with some resembling traditional cigarettes, pens, or USB flash drives.

While the idea of vaping began as far back as the 60s, vaping became popular in the late 2000s when e-cigarettes hit the global market. Its popularity has grown due to its perceived safety compared to smoking, the variety of available flavours, and the discreetness of many vaping devices.

Vape Liquid

The liquid used in vape pens, known as e-juice, contains a mixture of chemicals, including nicotine (although not always), propylene glycol, glycerin, and flavouring agents.

These chemicals can impact oral health:


Nicotine is known for its addictive properties and reducing blood flow, leading to gum disease and tooth loss. It can also disrupt the normal function of gum tissue, leading to receding gums, increased risk of periodontal disease, and delayed healing processes.

Propylene Glycol

When vaporised, propylene glycol produces acetic acid, lactic acid, and propionaldehyde. These byproducts can lead to dry mouth, exacerbating tooth decay and gum disease. Prolonged exposure can also result in irritation of the oral tissues.

Glycerin and Flavourings

While glycerin is generally safe with flavourings, it forms a sticky coating on the teeth that may attract germs, resulting in plaque accumulation, tooth decay, and gum disease.

Dry Mouth

 Vaping often leads to dry mouth, reducing saliva production. Saliva is crucial for neutralising acids produced by bacteria, washing away food particles, and providing disease-fighting substances throughout the mouth.

Gum Disease and Tooth Loss

The chemicals in vape aerosol may irritate and harm the mouth’s soft tissues, causing gum inflammation. Nicotine, in particular, masks the symptoms of gum disease, as it constricts blood vessels, reducing bleeding and the appearance of inflammation, allowing the disease to progress unnoticed.

Erosion of Tooth Enamel

The acidic components in vape juice, especially in flavoured varieties, can wear tooth enamel. This erosion makes teeth vulnerable to decay, sensitivity, and discolouration. Damaged enamel cannot be regenerated, leading to long-term dental issues.

Staining and Bad Breath

Vaping can lead to tooth staining, with the nicotine and other substances in the aerosol responsible for yellowing teeth. Additionally, the reduced saliva flow and presence of chemicals can cause bad breath, further impacting your confidence and social interactions.

The Youth at Risk

The rise in vaping among teenagers and young adults is particularly concerning. The developing oral environment in younger individuals is more susceptible to the adverse effects of vaping, potentially leading to a higher risk of dental issues in this demographic.

Combating the Risks

The first step in fighting the harmful effects of vaping is to raise awareness of the hazards to one’s oral health. Regular dental check-ups, maintaining good oral hygiene, staying hydrated, and considering cessation programs are crucial for individuals who vape.

Healthcare professionals, particularly dentists, play a vital role in educating patients about the risks of vaping. They can provide advice on oral hygiene techniques that can help reduce the impacts of vaping and offer resources for those looking to quit.


While vaping is often viewed as a safer alternative to smoking, its impact on oral health cannot be overlooked. It’s imperative for individuals to understand these risks and for healthcare professionals to guide public awareness and prevention strategies.

A trip to the dentist can often strain your finances, especially after the spending spree of the holiday season. Fortunately, Affinity Dental offers plans starting at just R279 per month, making quality dental care more accessible. In line with our commitment to cost-effective insurance coverage, Affinity Dental strives to provide essential benefits at rates that remain affordable. We understand the importance of managing your dental health without breaking the bank.

Speak to Affinity Dental today for helpful advice on which dental plan best suits you and your family, and visit a network Dentist for more helpful advise on how to improve your smile and oral health.

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