Why gums get sensitive during pregnancy

Lose a tooth, gain a child. That is an old adage that has proven to be medically accurate. When a woman is pregnant, the growing foetus in her womb will use all of the nutrients she consumes, as well as the calcium from the mother’s body in order to grow. The mouth of a pregnant woman can be a warzone in other regards too. Sore gums are a common pregnancy ailment, but why do gums swell up when you are expecting?


Pregnant women are loaded with different types of hormones, which have a nasty effect on many body parts, not least of all, your gums. Pregnancy hormones can leave your mouth more susceptible to bacteria and plaque. These cause tender, even bleeding and painful gums during pregnancy — and can cause gingivitis and tooth decay in some women if not treated properly.

Research also suggests a link between preterm delivery, low birthweight babies and gingivitis – so taking care of your dental health during your pregnancy is vital to your health, and the health of your baby.

Changes to your mouth and eating habits.

What to expect says you may also be producing less saliva during pregnancy and eating more sweets and carbs, creating an oral environment that’s friendlier to plaque and cavities. The best thing to do is watch your cravings, and if you must have sweets and carbohydrates, make sure to rinse your mouth thoroughly and brush your teeth once your craving has been satiated.

Moms-to-be need a prenatal vitamin that contains folic acid to support their babies’ health during pregnancy. When choosing a vitamin, steer clear of chewy or gummy vitamins, especially if you are eating them after brushing your teeth or before bedtime. The sugar content is usually high to make the dose bearable for sensitive moms, and they are sticky and acidic, which is terrible for the teeth.

Morning sickness

Morning Sickness is a horrible side effect of pregnancy that has the mother vomiting after eating certain foods, or smell-related triggers.

According to Healthy Children, morning sickness can badly affect your mouth. Stomach acid makes its way into the mouth and can weaken tooth enamel — putting expectant moms at a greater risk of developing cavities. Eating more often during pregnancy is common, but frequent snacking and eating will put teeth in constant contact with acid in food.

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